Prince Edward Island is Canada’s smallest province, making up just 0.1 per cent of Canada’s total land area. It is situated in the Gulf of St Lawrence and separated from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick by the Northumberland Strait.

PEI was known to its earliest settlers, the Mi’kmaq as Abegweit, meaning “cradle in the waves,” and was described by Jacques Cartier in 1534 as “the fairest land that may possibly be seen.” PEI’s deep red soil has always been its most striking feature and, together with the sea, the mainstay of the population since the early 18th century.

Along with Canada’s Eastern Arctic, PEI is one of the most culturally homogeneous regions in Canada. The population is predominantly British Isles in origin, with a significant number of residents claiming some degree of French or Acadian heritage.

Health system

The Island is reasonably well served by hospital and health facilities, especially since the introduction of a provincial health-care plan in the late 1960s providing non-premium medical and hospital services.

There are seven hospitals in the province, the largest hospital being the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Charlottetown.

As in other provinces, health-care costs have risen sharply. A comprehensive ground ambulance system was established in 2006 and two rapid response units have recently been established to better serve rural Islanders. Air ambulance service is provided by Nova Scotia and New Brunswick when patients require immediate transportation.



Tourism Prince Edward Island

To find other repertoires related to specific health care in Prince Edward Island, see also our page Index in the TOOLS section.


Prince Edward Island Touristic Regions

North Cape Coastal Drive

Green Gables Shore

Red Sands Shore


Points East Coastal Drive


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