Back to homepage ONTARIO



Ontario is Canada’s most populous and second-largest province. It stretches from Canada’s southernmost point at Middle Island in Lake Erie in the south, to the Manitoba-Ontario border on Hudson Bay in the north, and from the banks of the St. Lawrence River in the east, to the Manitoba border in the west.

The name Ontario, from a Huron word sometimes translated as meaning “beautiful lake” or “beautiful water,” is apt, since lakes cover 17 per cent of the province’s total area of just over one million km2.

Health system

Ontario’s health services and their financing are similar to health services found in other provinces. Federal acts in 1958 and 1966 first established hospital insurance, paid for by the general public from compulsory premiums, and then comprehensive medical care services, or medicare. These acts are federal-provincial in nature, as is the co-operation necessary to make them work.

The two levels of government frequently debate the amount that each should put into the system, as well as the ways it should be spent.

Ontario’s public health insurance system is now consolidated in the Ontario Health Insurance Plan, paid for through taxes, and which covers most health services, with the exception of those that are not medically necessary.

Canadian Encyclopedia.ca


Ontario Travel

To find other repertoires related to specific health care in Ontario, see also our page Index in the Tools section.


Ontario Touristic Regions

Niagara Canada
Hamilton, Halton, Brant
Huron, Perth, Waterloo, Wellington
Grand Toronto Area
York, Durham, Headwaters
Bruce Peninsula, South Georgian Bay, Simcoe Lake
Kawarthas Northumberland
South Eastern Ontario
Haliburton Highlands
Algonquin Park, Almaguin Highlands, Muskoka, Parry Sound
North Eastern Ontario
North Western Ontario


Want a sponsored link? Check our membership and partnership section.

Help us to help you better