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Newfoundland, the youngest of the Canadian provinces, joined Confederation in 1949. Some portion of its coast was undoubtedly one of the first parts of the continent seen by Europeans. Its total area is 405, 720 km2, of which Labrador makes up almost three-quarters (294,330 km2).

The island of Newfoundland is the easternmost region of Canada, while Labrador is located on the mainland to the northwest. Since John Cabot’s arrival on the “new isle” the island has been referred to as Terra Nova, or in English, Newfoundland.

Labrador probably received its name from the Portuguese designation, “Terra del Lavradors.”

Health system

The foundations of the health-care system lie in the cottage hospital system and the International Grenfell Association facilities. The cottage hospital system, initiated by the Commission government in 1936, was designed to bring a high standard of health care to outport residents.

Small hospitals were constructed in central locations around the Island, but their number has been reduced in favour of larger regional hospitals.

The International Grenfell Association, founded by Sir Wilfred GRENFELL in the early 1900s and centred in St Anthony, provided essential health-care services to residents in the north, particularly coastal Labrador. In 1981 it transferred its medical assets, including hospitals, nursing stations, equipment, and land devoted to health care, to the province.

The General Hospital in St John’s is the largest and best-equipped hospital; it is part of the Health Science Centre on the Memorial University campus, which also includes a Faculty of Medicine and a school of nursing. Under the Medical Care Act of 1969, most health-care services are free to residents of the province.



Tourism Newfounland-Labrador

To find other repertoires related to specific health care in Newfounland-Labrador, see also our page Index in the TOOLS section.


Newfounland & Labrador Touristic Regions







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